Services and supports

Success at finding and keeping a job is more likely when a person's employment supports work in coordination with supports in other areas of his or her life, such as housing, daily living and medical care.

Formal supports include: 

  • Vocational Rehabilitation Services. This department, which is part of the Minnesota Department of Economic and Employment Development, helps people with disabilities find competitive, integrated employment. Services include career counseling, training and long-term support for career development.
  • Schools. When youth with disabilities are in secondary transition — ages 14 to 22 — employment-related activities can be supported at school through Individualized Education Program (IEP) goals. In many schools, work coordinators help students build essential skills for employment.
  • Lead agencies. Counties or tribes administer home and community-based service waivers, which help people with disabilities get and keep competitive, integrated employment. These waivers also provide other services to support successful community living.

Other supports address: 

  • Assistive technology
  • Disability disclosures
  • Reasonable accommodations
  • Safety
  • Transportation


Learn more

Minnesota's guide to assistive technology | State of Minnesota

Holding engaging conversations about work: Services and supports

Vocational Rehabilitation Services overview | Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development

School-based secondary transition services | Minnesota Department of Education

Minnesota's home and community-based waivers | Minnesota Department of Human Services

Disclosure decision guide | Virginia Commonwealth University

Job supports and accommodations: The basics | Disability Benefits 101

Understanding Minnesota's STAR program: System of Technology to Achieve Results | Minnesota Department of Administration



Statewide public transit options | Minnesota Department of Transportation

Local support service resources |


Case studies

Through collaboration, state and federal funds can be used in creative ways to help people with disabilities achieve competitive, integrated employment. As you work with various partners across the state, consider these examples — which may stimulate conversations and ideas about coordinated, innovative plans for employment. 

John: Age 16, CADI Waiver and VRS

Kylie: Age 20, DD Waiver and VRS

Micah: Age 31, DD Waiver and VRS

Sean: Age 52, DD Waiver and VRS

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