Does the youth speak up for themselves and the things that are important to them?
Self-advocacy is one of the most critical skills we can help youth attain in living their best life. A strong self-advocate knows their rights and responsibilities and speaks up for those rights. Self-advocates take responsibility for the choices they make and ask for help when needed.
Awareness: Understand self-advocacy, self-determination and self-efficacy and their impact on living a good life.
Exploration: Identify strengths, preferences, interests and needs related to core advocacy.
Preparation: Practice self-advocacy, self-determination and self-efficacy skills at home, school and in the community.
Implementation: Use appropriate core advocacy skills in daily life.
Instruction in self-advocacy
Hear what young people have to say about self-advocacy
Watch this 4 minute video and learn about different environments and experiences where these young people advocated for themselves in work, in school and with family.
LEARN: Develop your knowledge
Learn how to support youth in exploring core advocacy concepts.
Self-advocacy is the ability to effectively communicate your wants and needs.
Self-determination is the freedom to plan your own life, pursue your own interests, and experience the same life opportunities as anyone else. It means taking responsibility for communicating your wants and needs.
Self-efficacy is confidence in your ability to be successful in specific situations and tasks.
The National Technical Assistance Center on Transition (NTACT) offers Instruction in Self- Advocacy, an online resource that helps professionals prepare to teach youth self-advocacy skills.
DO: Work with youth
Find resources to help youth explore core advocacy concepts.
Housing Benefits 101 provides I get to decide: How do I get started? The activity, found within My Vault's housing path, includes a short animated video on rights and a few follow-up questions about informed choice.
To begin, choose a focus for the planning exercise (such as getting a job, exploring work experiences or housing options, or identifying social opportunities at school or in the community). Write this focus in the middle of the star. Then, help the youth fill in examples of existing supports that can be leveraged as planning moves forward.
Developed by the University of Oklahoma's Zarrow Center for Learning Enrichment, the Self-directed IEP teaches self-determination skills and involvement in the IEP process. The lesson package includes four instructional units that focus on teaching students with disabilities to lead a meeting and report interests, skills and options.
Developed by the University of Oklahoma's Zarrow Center for Learning Enrichment, the Student-directed transition planning (SDTP) curriculum includes eight lessons that use the summary of performance to teach youth to organize and present information during the transition planning process.
Developed by the University of Oklahoma's Zarrow Center for Learning Enrichment, Whose future is it anyway? is a published curriculum that teaches youth how to be involved in their IEP process through six sections that contain 36 lesson sessions.